5 international airports of India
India is a vast developing country. In India, the transport facility is very advance like buses, railways and airplanes are new generation things. So, like airplanes, there are many national and international airports in India for domestic and international flights for arrival & departure. Airports in big cities are fully air-conditioned, well-designed and beautiful architecture.
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So here we have many international airports in India for the arrival and departure of flights.
Indira Gandhi International Airport
Indira Gandhi International Airport serves as the major international aviation hub of the Indian capital city of New Delhi as well as India. The airport, spread over an area of 5,106 acres (2,066 ha), is situated in Palam, 15 km (9.3 mi) south-west of the New Delhi Railway Station and 16 km (9.9 mi) from New Delhi city center. Named after former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi, it is the busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic since 2009.
It is also the busiest airport in the country in terms of cargo traffic, overtaking Mumbai during late 2015. In the calendar year 2018, it was the 12th busiest airport in World and 6th busiest airport in Asia, by passenger traffic handling nearly 70 million passengers. It is the world’s busiest airport for Airbus A320 aircraft. The under-construction expansion program will increase the airport’s capacity to handle 100 million passengers by 2030.
The airport was operated by the Indian Air Force before its management was transferred to the Airports Authority of India.
In May 2006, the management of the airport was passed over to Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL), a consortium led by the GMR group In September 2008, the airport inaugurated a 4,430 m (14,530 ft) runway. With the commencement of operations at Terminal 3 in 2010, it became India’s and South Asia’s largest aviation hub. The Terminal 3 building has a capacity to handle 34 million passengers annually and is the World’s 8th largest passenger terminals.
The airport uses an advanced system called Airport Collaborate decision making to help keep takeoffs and landings timely and predictable.
2. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport is an International airport located in Dum Dum, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata Metropolitan Area. It is located approximately 17 kilometers (11 mi) from the city center. The airport was earlier known as Dum Dum Airport before being renamed in 1995 after Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, a prominent leader of the India Independence Movement.
Spread over an area of 2,460 acres (1,000 ha), Kolkata airport is the largest hub for air traffic in the eastern parts of the country and one of two international airports operating in West Bengal, the other being Bagdogra. The airport handled almost 20 million passengers in the financial year 2017-18 making it the fifth-busiest airport in India in terms of passenger traffic after airports at Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Chennai. The airport is a major center for flights to Northeast India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Southeastern Asia. In 2014 and 2015, Kolkata Airport won the title of Best Improved Airport in the Asia-Pacific region awarded by the Airport Council International
The terminal is an L-shaped structure, containing six levels. It contains 128 check-in counters that utilize CUTE (Common User Terminal Equipment) technology and has 78 immigration counters and twelve customs counters. The airport is a major center for flights to North-East India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, and Southeast Asia.
3. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Mumbai formerly known as Sahar International Airport, is the primary global airport serving the Mumbai Metropolitan Area, India. It is the 2d busiest airport inside the united states of America in terms of total and international passenger site visitors after Delhi and changed into the 14th busiest airport in Asia and twenty-eighth busiest airport inside the world via passenger visitors within the calendar year 2017. Its passenger site visitors were approximately 49.8 million in the year 2018. The airport is the second one busiest in us of an in phrases of cargo visitors additionally. In March 2017, the airport overtook London Gatwick Airport as the world’s busiest airport with only one operational runway at a time. The airport has three operating terminals unfold over a complete land vicinity of 750 hectares (1,850 acres) and handles about 950 aircraft actions consistent with day. It handled a report 1,007 plane movements on nine December 2018, higher than its earlier document of 1,003 flight moves in a day in June 2018. It handled a report 51 moves in one hour on 16 September 2014. Along with IGI Delhi, it became adjudged the “World’s Best Airport” at Airport Service Quality Awards 2017 in the maximum class of airports coping with more than 40 million passengers annually by means of Airports Council International. It has additionally won the “Best Airport in India and Central Asia” award at the Skytrax 2016 World Airport Awards. It is one of the three airports in India to have implemented Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) to make certain timely takeoffs and landings.
The airport is operated by Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), a Joint Venture among the Airports Authority of India and the GVK Industries Ltd led a consortium which changed into appointed in February 2006 to perform the modernization of the Airport. The new incorporated terminal T2 changed into inaugurated on 10 January 2014 and opened for international operations on 12 February 2014. A dedicated six-lane, improved road connecting the new terminal with the principle arterial Western Express Highway turned into also opened to the public the equal day.
The airport is named after the 17th-century Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji, having been renamed in 1999 from the previous “Sahar Airport” to “Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport” (the title “Maharaj” turned into inserted on 30 August 2018. CSIA’s IATA airport code – “BOM” – is derived from Bombay, Mumbai’s former name. It is situated across the suburbs of Santacruz and Sahar village in Vile Parle East.
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4. Chennai International Airport
Chennai International Airport is an international airport serving the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India and its metropolitan area. It is located in Meenambakkam and Tirusulam, 21 km (13 mi) from the city centre. The airport handled over 22.5 million passengers in the fiscal year 2018-19, with over 570 aircraft movements and 30,000 passengers per day. Chennai International Airport is the third busiest in international traffic and cargo capacity in the country behind New Delhi and Mumbai. It is the fourth busiest airport in the country’s overall passenger traffic behind New Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore. It is also 49th busiest airport in Asia making it one of the four major airports in India under the top 50 list. The airport is served by the airport metro station of the Chennai Metro and the Tirusulam railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway system. To cope with the passenger traffic two new terminals namely T5 and T6 (one satellite terminal) is under construction to handle 40 million passengers per year. Once completed, it will be India’s first airport to have a satellite terminal. The new satellite terminal will be connected through a four-way underground alkylator for passenger movement across different terminals. Still, the airport will reach saturation by 2022 with a peak capacity of 40 million passengers and a proposal for the new airport in Chennai is underway for decades. Once the new airport is commissioned, both the airports will be functional.
The domestic and the international terminals are named after former chief ministers of Tamil Nadu K. Kamaraj and C. N. Annadurai, respectively. It was the first airport in India to have international and domestic terminals located adjacent to each other. The airport serves as the regional headquarters of the Airports Authority of India for South India comprising the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Kerala and the union territories of Puducherry and Lakshadweep.
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5. Kempegowda International Airport
Kempegowda International Airport is an international airport serving Bangalore, the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Spread over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), it is located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the city near the village of Devanahalli. It is owned and operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL), a public-private consortium. The airport opened in May 2008 as an alternative to increased congestion at HAL Airport, the original primary commercial airport serving the city. It is named after Kempe Gowda I, the founder of Bangalore. Kempegowda International Airport became Karnataka’s first fully solar-powered airport developed by CleanMax Solar.
Kempegowda Airport is the third-busiest airport by passenger traffic in the country, behind the airports in Delhi and Mumbai, and is the 29th busiest airport in Asia. In the fiscal year of 2017–18, in terms of international traffic it is the 5th busiest airport in the country behind Delhi and Mumbai, Chennai and Cochin. It handled over 25.04 million passengers in the calendar year 2017 with over 600 aircraft movements a day. The cargo handled by the airport continues to increase steadily, with the airport handling about 386,849 tonnes (426,428 short tons) of cargo between April 2018 and March 2019.
The airport consists of a single runway and passenger terminal, which handles both domestic and international operations. A second runway, constructed by Larsen & Toubro is set to be commissioned on 5 December 2019 while a second terminal is in the early stages of construction. Also, there is a cargo village and three cargo terminals. The airport serves as a hub for AirAsia India, Alliance Air, an IndiGo and a focus city for Air India and SpiceJet.