The most famous ship Harbors in India
A harbor or harbor is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked. Harbors may be natural or artificial. An artificial harbor can have deliberately constructed breakwaters, sea walls, or jettys or they can be constructed by dredging, which requires maintenance by further periodic dredging.
So here are some of the famous ship harbors of India.
1. Kandla Port, Gujarat
The busiest and the richest Sea Port in India, Kandla port is situated 90 km from the Gulf of Kutch, Gujarat in a place called the Kandla creek. It was constructed in the 1950s after the India Pakistan partition at the loss of Port of Karachi.
It is the largest port in India according to how much cargo is handled. Kandla port is the first Export processing port in India. The major imports that enter Kandla port are Petroleum, Steel and iron machinery, chemicals and also salt, textiles, and grains.
Today, the Kandla port is one of the highest profit earning seaports in India and the center for exporting grains and importing oil.
2. Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Maharashtra (Earlier Known as Nhava Sheva)
The Nhava Sheva which is another name for the Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest container port in the whole of India. It is situated in the east of Mumbai, Maharashtra. The name Nhava Sheva is derived from the names of two villages that used to exist in that area.
Constructed on May 26, 1989, the Jawaharlal Nehru port is completely controlled by the Indian Government. This port handles 56% of the total containers and is one of the top 30 ports in India. The chairman of the Jawaharlal Nehru port is Shri Anil Diggikar.
The Jawaharlal Nehru port was awarded the ‘Port of the year’ at the MALA awards, 2014.
The major exports from Jawaharlal Nehru Port are textiles, sporting goods, carpets, textile machinery, boneless meat, chemicals pharmaceuticals, and imports are chemicals, machinery, plastics, electrical machinery, vegetable oils, and aluminum and other non-ferrous metals.
3. Mumbai Port (Largest Port of India)
Located on the mainland of West Mumbai is the Mumbai port. It is the largest port in India. It is a natural harbor and is 10-12 meter deep. It handles around one-fifth of India’s foreign trade.
The Mumbai port is one of the busiest seaports in India. It plays a very important role in enhancing India’s economy and trade affairs. The Mumbai harbor is also known as ‘Front Bay’, meaning gateway of India.
The port mainly specializes in the import of petroleum products, liquid chemicals, and mineral oil and imports consist of cotton textiles, leather, tobacco, manganese, machinery, chemical goods.
4. Visakhapatnam Port, Andhra Pradesh
Located in East of India in Andhra Pradesh between Chennai and Kolkata port, the Visakhapatnam port is located in a beautiful creek and is one of the major 12 seaports in India. Lord Willingdon inaugurated the Rs.378 lakh Visakhapatnam port on December 19, 1933.
This port handles around 1.2 lakh tonnes of cargo every year. The Visakhapatnam port has three main harbors: the outer harbor, the inner harbor, and the fishing harbor.
The port is located on a creek where the Narava Gedda joins the sea, a beautiful sight. The port is said to become more defined and modernized by 2016-2017 after an investment of Rs.13 crore.
The port deals with the trade of iron ore, pellets, coal, Alumina, and oil.
5. Chennai Port (Second Largest Sea Port in India)
The Chennai port, also known as the Madras port is the second-largest port in the whole of India. It is the third oldest port in India that started its operations in 1881. It lies on the Coromandel Coast in the Bay of Bengal and is Tamilnadu’s main port and is the major reason for its stability.
The cargo handling of the Chennai port increased from 0.5 million in 1979-78 to 100 million in 2015-16, you can only imagine its drastic evolution and how necessary it is for the boom of Tamil Nadu.
The port is surrounded by both historic and modern lighthouses giving it a beautifying look. It is said that the Chennai port is said to expand its handling to 140 million in the near future.
So these are some most famous sea-ports of India.