is a state in northern India.
With roughly 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world.
It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh
during British rule and was renamed Uttar Pradesh
in 1950. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow.
On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand,
was carved out from the state’s Himalayan hill region. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Allahabad (Prayagraj) and then flow as the Ganga further east. Hindi is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state, along with Urdu.
Located in northern India, Uttar Pradesh
has long been a historical, architectural and religious hub of the country. Across the state, there are a plethora of cosmopolitan cities and ancient towns that boast stories of love, valor, spirituality, and glory. From the city of the Taj Mahal
to the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities, here are the top ten places that everyone should visit in UP.
Agra commonly stated as ‘Taj City’, is the country’s maximum prized metropolis, recognizable by means of the enduring Taj Mahal – an ivory-white mausoleum built through Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in reminiscence of his spouse Mumtaz. This UNESCO World Heritage Site (and an image of love, too) is reason enough to visit Agra. Besides the allure of this mind-blowing white mausoleum, the city is home to two greater UNESCO World Heritage Sites – the 16th-century Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, which might be just as noteworthy.
Nestled at the banks of the sacred Ganges River, Varanasi is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. For centuries, culture, religion, history, art, and education have thrived here, and that’s precisely what makes it one of the maxima visited cities in the country. This holy region is associated with Lord Shiva and is the maximum sacred area for Hindus. People from the world overcome here to acquire nirvana and seek advantages of the Lord. Attending a Ganga aarti (Hindu ritual of worship) is a must, along with taking a dip inside the Ganges river, which is believed to clean away all of your sins and bring you a step toward salvation. Visitors can just sit at one in all many ghats and have a look at humans from different walks of life, or take a boat ride along the shore for a beautiful view of the ghats (flights of steps main to the river). For moments of peace and non-secular experience, there’s no better place than the City of Gods.
Sarnath is one of the most important Buddhist web sites in India, where Lord Buddha gave his first sermon. During the 3rd century BC, the metropolis turned into expanded by way of Emperor Ashoka, and several monasteries and stupas were built, which made it a famous vicinity amongst Buddhist devotees. Every year, throughout Buddha Purnima (Buddha’s birthday in April/May), hordes of people from across the world flock here to participate inside the celebration. The virtues of Buddhism are palpable in almost every corner and pillar of this must-go-to a city in UP.
The capital of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow is a beautiful historic metropolis that hardly ever merits a mention in many tour guides. Whether you’re a records buff, way of life vulture, natural world explorer or a meals connoisseur, there’s something for anybody in the Land of Nawabs. Awaiting your Mughal ruins dating again to the seventeenth and 18th centuries, which include Bara Imambara, Chotta Imambara, and Rumi Darwaza; the early 19th-century Dilkusha Kothi built-in English baroque architecture, the bustling Hazratganj, and the many cultural and herbal places. Not to be missed is its rich Awadhi cuisine – you must really strive the kebabs (Sunday, seekh and galouti) and Lucknow biryani (an aggregate of rice, spices and marinated chicken).
Mathura is the birthplace of the Hindu God, Krishna, and also a number of the seven sacred cities of Hinduism. The metropolis is full of temples dating back centuries. Of particular words are Sri Krishna Janma Bhoomi, Dwarkadhish temple and Gita Mandir. Also, the sacred Yamuna River flows beyond this town and is dotted with 25+ ghats, of which the Vishram ghat is taken into consideration to be the most sacred. Every year, thousands of devotees visit these temples and ghats to seek blessings and spiritual experience, mainly in the course of Holi (Feb/March) and Janmashtami (Lord Krishna’s birthday in August/September). The scenes of devotion near the ghats, set against the backdrop of historic temples, are without a doubt certainly one of the maximum stunning within the word
If you’re a temple lover, then Vrindavan is a must-visit. Located just 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from Mathura, it’s miles every other sacred retreat devoted to Lord Krishna and his lover, Radha. It is the vicinity wherein Krishna spent his adolescent years. This heritage city has approximately 5,000 temples with intricate structures and carvings that show off the divine love of Krishna and Radha. Some of the noteworthy ones consist of Banke Bihari temple, Krishna Balaram temple, Prem Mandir and Radha Raman temple.
The birthplace of Lord Rama, Ayodhya is also one of the seven sacred locations for Hindus. With temples on almost every corner, Ayodhya is a non-secular seeker’s paradise. Ramkot is the primary hub of worship within the city that draws devotees from across the world. Other widespread temples worth of a go-to include Nageshwarnath temple, Hanuman Garhi, Treta Ke Thakur, Kanak Bhawan, and Ram Janmabhoomi temple. Away from the temples, Moti Mahal and Mausoleum of Bahu Begum in Faizabad (only a few kilometers from Ayodhya) are well well worth a visit for their remarkable Mughal structure and grandeur.
The moniker ‘the Sangam City’ is befitting to Allahabad as it’s miles the assembly factor of Yamuna, Ganges and Saraswati rivers in India. Known for its Kumbh Mela and ancient landmarks, Allahabad is the second-oldest dwelling city inside us of a dating lower back to the Vedic period. The town is rife with Mughal structure and British-technology homes and structures, which makes it a must-go-to for those with a penchant for architecture and history. The Allahabad Fort, Khusro Bagh, Swaraj Bhava, Triveni Sangam, Anand Bhavan, and All Saint’s Cathedral are precise highlights.
Nestled at the banks of the Ganges river, Kanpur is a beautiful town in its personal right, brimming with religious and historical sites. Kanpur Gardens, Allen Forest Zoo, Shri Radhakrishna Temple, Kanpur Memorial Church, Kamla Retreat, Moti Jheel (reservoir), JK temple and Jajmau (one of the largest tanneries in India) are a number of the must-visit spots.
.Jhansi is synonymous with bravery and valor of the 18th-century queen, Rani Lakshmibai, also known as Jhansi ki Rani. It has temples, forts, and churches reminiscent of a bygone era, and a stroll amongst those is an evocative affair so as to leave you enthralled. The Jhansi Fort, Rani Mahal and the Government Museum are mainly noteworthy.